Sun Damage/ Pigmentation
This occurs as a result of sun exposure, we all need vitamin D3, but when repeatedly exposed to the sun without protection. This results to sun damage and pigmentation. Exposure to ultraviolet rays (UVA),either from the sun or tanning beds stimulate pigment cells called melanocytes to produce more melanin. Melanin is what gives sun lovers a tan, but overexposure to the sun can also cause melanin overproduction, resulting in unwanted dark patches (age spots, freckles, uneven skin tone).
Pigmentation is the natural colour of a person’s skin and it is related to melanin production. Melanin protects skin cells and their DNA by absorbing the sun’s ultraviolet rays (UVR).
Darker skin types, in general, are more susceptible to hyperpigmentation than lighter skin types because their skin naturally contains more melanin.
Melasma (chloasma): Melasma appears as symmetrical patches most often on the cheeks, chin, upper lip and forehead. It can be related to pregnancy, birth control pill, menopause or hormone replacement therapy.
Our aesthetician, during consultation will examine your skin and discuss your options and develop a personalised treatment plan.